The caterpillar lives on birch and alder (Alnus and Betula).
Drepana falcataria inhabits all possible grove rich habitats from forests to gardens, provided a oviposition plant is available.
The pupa hibernates. The moths fly from April to early September, usually in two generations. The caterpillar lives from late May to early October.
Drepana falcataria occurs from Northern Spain to east Asia. It is quite common in Central Europe.