The larva feeds on Primula species (mainly Primula veris and P. elatior) and Lysimachia (Lysimachia nummularium, eastern Swabian Alb, 2009 repeatedly observed oviposition).
Hamearis lucina colonizes clear, fringe-rich forest structures, coppices, bushy grasslands, embankments with grasslands, wide edges of hedges and more humid clearcuttings and clearings in the forest.
Hamearis lucina hibernates as a pupa and flies in the spring from April to June. Eggs are laid on the underside of leaves (rarely also top side) and are quite conspicuous.
In many places, Hamearis lucina is in sharp decline by darkening processes in forests, intense removing of buses on grasslands and the uniformization of the landscape (removal of hedges etc.). However, locally Hamearis lucina is still quite common, e.g. in the Swabian Alb or in coppice woodland in northern Bavaria.
Hamearis lucina is distributed from the north of the Iberian Peninsula across Southern and Central Europe to the Urals.