The larva feeds on Sanguisorba minor. Eggs are laid on flowers (often in the spring) or sheets (mostly in summer). In Rhodes in September 2013, I observed oviposition on Sarcopoterium spinosum, a small spiny Rosaceae shrub which is common in garrigues.
Spialia orbifer inhabits steppe slopes, embankments, grasslands, rocky areas, dry roadsides and pastures.
Spialia orbifer flies similar to Spialia sertorius in two generations. The caterpillar overwinters in various instars. I found adults of the second generation in mid-July in Greece, also eggs on the upper leaf surface and a young caterpillar in a shelter at the base of a Sanguisorba rosette. The males sit at blades, etc., and to pursue other butterflies. The first generation flew 2008 on Mount Olympus from sea level to 500m asl already numerous in the first week of May.
Spialia orbifer is still widespread and despite habitat decline not really threatened.
Spialia orbifer is the southeastern sibling of Spialia sertorius and occurs in Europe from southern Poland to Greece. In addition, Spialia orbifer flies from Asia Minor up to Tien Shan.