Carcharodus orientalis Reverdin, 1913


Carcharodus orientalis: Male (Samos, Karvouni, May 2014) [N] Carcharodus orientalis: Male (N-Greece) [N] Carcharodus orientalis: Lower side (N-Greece) [N] Carcharodus orientalis: Female (e.o. N-Greece) [S] Carcharodus orientalis: Female (e.o. N-Greece) [S] Carcharodus orientalis: Ovum (N-Greece, Siatista, May 2008) [M] Carcharodus orientalis: Ovum (N-Greece, Siatista, May 2008) [M] Carcharodus orientalis: L1-larva (e.o. N-Greece 2008) [S] Carcharodus orientalis: Larva near 1. moult  [S] Carcharodus orientalis: L2-larva [S] Carcharodus orientalis: L3-larva [S] Carcharodus orientalis: Larva in penultimate instar (in moult rest into L5) [S] Carcharodus orientalis: Larva at the beginning of the last instar (e.o. N-Greece 2008) [S] Carcharodus orientalis: Larva in last instar [S] Carcharodus orientalis: Fully-grown larva (e.o. N-Greece 2008) [S] Carcharodus orientalis: Pupa [S] Carcharodus orientalis: Pupa dorsal [S] Carcharodus orientalis: Pupal shelter (e.o. rearing from N-Greece on potted host plant Marrubium peregrinum) [S] Carcharodus orientalis: Host plant with eggs (Kozani, Siatista, N-Greece) [N] Carcharodus orientalis: Habitat in Greece (Kozani), May 2008 [N]

Host plants:
The eggs are laid on different Lamiaceae (Stachys, Marrubium and others). In breeding, the caterpillar accepted easily Betonica officinalis.

Habitat:
Carcharodus orientalis inhabits pastures, steppe slopes and other sites that are rich in grasslands and ruderalized places. The larval food plants are often indicators for grazing or ruderalization.

Life cycle:
Carcharodus orientalis forms 2 or 3 generations per year. I met adults and eggs regularly in Northern Greece, both in May 2008 and in July 2007, but in rather low density. Hibernation should therefore take place in a late instar, i.e. most probably in penultimate or last one.

Endangerment factors:
Carcharodus orientalis is still quite common in Greece and not at immediate risk, although their habitats decline gradually.

Remarks:
The distribution is Southeastern European (southern Balkans, Greece, very rare in Bulgaria and Hungary) and Western Asian (Turkey, Iran, etc.).



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