Anthocaris cardamines (Linnaeus, 1758)


Anthocaris cardamines: Male [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Male [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Male (Germany, eastern Swabian Alb) [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Male (Germany, eastern Swabian Alb) [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Male (Provence, Rians, April 2013) [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Male (Provence, Rians, April 2013) [S] Anthocaris cardamines: Male-upper side [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Male [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Female (eastern Swabian Alb, May 2013) [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Female (eastern Swabian Alb, May 2013) [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Female [S] Anthocaris cardamines: Female [S] Anthocaris cardamines: Female [S] Anthocaris cardamines: Female [S] Anthocaris cardamines: Female-upper side [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Lower side [M] Anthocaris cardamines: Adult at oviposition (Northern Greece, Askio mountains, May 2011) [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Ovum on Cardamine pratensis [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Freshly deposited egg (Schwäbisch Gmünd, April 2010) [M] Anthocaris cardamines: Ovum [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Ovum after some days [M] Anthocaris cardamines: L1 [S] Anthocaris cardamines: L1 [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Young larva [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Half-grown larva [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Larvae at Arabis hirsuta [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Larva [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Larva [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Larva [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Pupa [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Pupa [N] Anthocaris cardamines: Pupa [S] Anthocaris cardamines: Pupa [S] Anthocaris cardamines: A typical habitat are light, sunny deciduous forests with the occurrence of Alliaria petiolata (eastern Swabian Alb, April 2012) [N]

Host plants:
The larva feeds on Brassicaceae like particularly Arabis (e.g. Arabis hirsuta in calcareous grasslands), Cardamine and Alliaria (forest roads, etc.).

Habitat:
Anthocaris cardamines inhabits clearings, light woodland, riparian forests, clearcuttings, woodland fringes, forest-near meadows, bushy grasslands, gardens and parks. It is only rarely observed far away from forests or groves.

Life cycle:
The pupa hibernates and the adults fly from late March or April to June, at about 1200m above sea level even in early July. The caterpillars can be found from late April to July.

Endangerment factors:
Anthocaris cardamines is not endangered. Although the butterfly is in decline locally due to dark forest management and destruction of floodplain woodland, it is still widespread and often quite common. The caterpillars are also found in gardens for example at Lunaria annua or Cardamine.

Remarks:
Anthocaris cardamines profits of windfall due to hurricanes, as thus suitable habitats arise in the otherwise often dark forests.

The total distribution extends across Europe and temperate Asia to Japan.



Anthocaris euphenoides | Anthocaris gruneri