Argynnis adippe (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)


Argynnis adippe: Female (Heidenheim, eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany, early August 2011) [N] Argynnis adippe: Male (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany, late June 2012) [N] Argynnis adippe: Female (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany, August 2012) [N] Argynnis adippe: Male (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [N] Argynnis adippe: Female (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [N] Argynnis adippe: Male [N] Argynnis adippe: Male (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany, July 2011) [N] Argynnis adippe: Adult (eastern Swabian Alb, Söhnstetten, August 2013) [N] Argynnis adippe: Adult [S] Argynnis adippe: Male wing underside (eastern Swabian Alb) [M] Argynnis adippe: Male [N] Argynnis adippe: Ovum [S] Argynnis adippe: Ovum [S] Argynnis adippe: L1 [S] Argynnis adippe: L2 [S] Argynnis adippe: Young larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Söhnstetten, S-Germany, mid-May 2013) [N] Argynnis adippe: Half-grown larva [S] Argynnis adippe: Half-grown larva (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb 2013) [S] Argynnis adippe: Larva in penultimate instar (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb 2013) [S] Argynnis adippe: Larva in penultimate instar (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb 2013) [S] Argynnis adippe: Larva in last instar [S] Argynnis adippe: Larva (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb 2013) [S] Argynnis adippe: Larva (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb 2013) [S] Argynnis adippe: Larva (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb 2013) [S] Argynnis adippe: Larva (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb 2013) [S] Argynnis adippe: Larva (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb 2013) [S] Argynnis adippe: Larva [S] Argynnis adippe: Pupa (Photo: Mario Peluso) [S] Argynnis adippe: Pupa [S] Argynnis adippe: Pupa (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb 2013) [S] Argynnis adippe: Pupa (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb 2013) [S] Argynnis adippe: A habitat typy are shrubby nutrient-poor grasslands near the forest edge (eastern Swabian Alb) [N] Argynnis adippe: Another habitat type are violet-rich open places in forests (eastern Swabian Alb) [N]

Host plants:
The species developes on Viola plants such as Viola hirta in limestone grasslands or forest edges.

Habitat:
Argynnis adippe inhabits clearings, forest gap systems, hillsides, mountain pastures and bushy grasslands close to woodlands.

Life cycle:
Hibernation takes place as a caterpillar in the egg shell. I found caterpillars in May and early June, for example, on small, partly fallow grasslands of the Swabian Alb at the forest edge during the day at straws and old leaves on the gound. The larval food is there Viola hirta. In the foothills of the Alps, Argynnis adippe lives in clearings, which often have a rich stock of tall herbs. Argynnis aglaja vanishes much faster when clearings are overgrown because its larva needs open grasslands and not higher growing forest edges.

Endangerment: endangered

Endangerment factors:
Argynnis adippe is endangered partly through the darkening of forests (high forest, dense afforestation, single tree selection) and the reduction of bushy grasslands, but is probably still not under an existential threat because of its ability to reproduce in partly nutrient-rich and woody environments.

Remarks:
The distribution ranges from Northwest Africa across Europe far into temperate Asia.



Argynnis aglaja | Argynnis elisa | Argynnis niobe | Argynnis pandora | Argynnis paphia