Coenonympha rhodopensis Elwes, 1900


Coenonympha rhodopensis: Adult (Falakron, e.o.) [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Adult (Falakron, e.o.) [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Adult (Bulgaria, Rila, 2200m asl, early August 2013) [N] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Adult (Bulgaria, Rila, 2200m asl, early August 2013) [N] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Worner Adult (Falakron, late July 2009) [N] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Ovum [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: L1 [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Young larva [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Half-grown larva [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Half-grown larva [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Larva in penultimate instar [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Larva in last instar [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Larva dorsal [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Larva [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Larva [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Larva [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Pupa [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Pupa lateral [S] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Habitat on Mount Falakro in Northern Greece in 1900m above sea level in late July 2009: inhabited was especially the gully on the right hand. On the left side Pyrgus carthami. [N] Coenonympha rhodopensis: Habitat in the Bulgarian Rila mountains in 2200m asl in early August 2013 [N]

Host plants:
The caterpillar lives on grasses (Poaceae and Cyperaceae).

Habitat:
Coenonympha rhodopensis inhabits mostly grassy, but gappy slopes from (800)1000 to 2500m above sea level. Less frequently it occurs in this altitude range also on forest clearings. I found the moths in the northern Greek Mount Phalakro mainly in a somewhat sheltered gully in about 1900m above sea level.

Life cycle:
The caterpillar overwinters in penultimate instar and is fully-grown in May. The moths fly from June to late July/early August. They were already worn on Mount Phalakro in late July 2009.

Endangerment factors:
At lower altitudes, Coenonympha rhodopensis is threatened by overgrowth of the habitats (reforestation), redevelopment and intensification. In the highlands, a local displacement by ski resorts can occur.

Remarks:
Coenonympha rhodopensis is found mainly in the Balkans from Croatian Velebit mountains to Northern Greece. In addition, it is rarely found in the Southern Alps (apparently only at the Monte Baldo) and in central Italian Apennines.



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