Lithophane lamda (Fabricius, 1787)


Lithophane lamda: Adult (e.l. rearing, central Sweden, Ístersund, larva in early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Adult (e.l. rearing, central Sweden, Ístersund, larva in early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Adult (e.l. rearing, central Sweden, Ístersund, larva in early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Adult (e.l. rearing, central Sweden, Ístersund, larva in early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Adult (e.l. rearing, central Sweden, Ístersund, larva in early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Adult (e.l. rearing, central Sweden, Ístersund, larva in early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [M] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [M] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [M] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [M] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [M] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [M] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [M] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [M] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [M] Lithophane lamda: Larva (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [M] Lithophane lamda: Pupa (e.l. rearing, central Sweden, Ístersund, larva in early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Pupa (e.l. rearing, central Sweden, Ístersund, larva in early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Pupa (e.l. rearing, central Sweden, Ístersund, larva in early July 2020) [S] Lithophane lamda: Larval habitat with Myrica gale (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [N] Lithophane lamda: Larval habitat with Myrica gale (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [N] Lithophane lamda: Larval habitat with Myrica gale (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [N] Lithophane lamda: Larval habitat with Myrica gale (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [N] Lithophane lamda: Larval habitat with Myrica gale (central Sweden, Ístersund, early July 2020) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae usually feed on Myrica gale. There are also records from Ledum palustre, Vaccinium uliginosum and even Salix and Betula.

Habitat:
Lithophane lamda inhabits bogs, boggy woodlands and wet heathlands with dwarf shrubs.

Life cycle:
The moths occur from late summer and hibernate. They appear again in spring up to early June. The larva develops from May to July most often at semi-shady places, less on totally open ground. I found mature larvae in central Sweden (Ístersund region) in a bog on Myrica in mid-July 2020.

Endangerment factors:
In central Europe Lithophane lamda hast been pushed back to a few isolated populations due to habitat destruction.

Remarks:
Lithophane lamda occurs from central and northern Europe eastward to Japan. In Germany it is locally found in the northern part, but also has a small relic distribution in eastern Bavaria (Bavarian Forest). The latter is linked to the isolated distribution in Bohemia and Upper Austria. Lithophane lamda misses in the Alps.



Lithophane furcifera | Lithophane hepatica | Lithophane lapidea | Lithophane leautieri | Lithophane ledereri | Lithophane merckii | Lithophane ornitopus | Lithophane semibrunnea 
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