Lygephila pastinum (Treitschke, 1826)

Lygephila pastinum: Adult (e.l. Iller near Memmingen, Southern Germany) [S] Lygephila pastinum: Adult (northern Upper Rhine Valley in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, late August 2008) [N] Lygephila pastinum: Larva prior to hibernation (eastern Swabian Alb) [N] Lygephila pastinum: Larva (Memmingen, Southern Germany) [S] Lygephila pastinum: Larva (Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [M] Lygephila pastinum: Larva [S] Lygephila pastinum: Pupa [S] Lygephila pastinum: Habitat in an extensively managed meadow in the Upper Rhine Valley, moths of the second generation in late August 2008) [N] Lygephila pastinum: Larval habitat in a clearcutting on the eastern Swabian Alb. If Vicia occurs in such places, the larvae are easily tapped in the autumn (October 2009) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae feed on Vicia species such as Vicia cracca and V. tenuifolia.

Lygephila pastinum inhabits particularly edges with the larval host plant, such as in nutrient-poor grasslands, wetlands, extensively managed meadows or in clearcuttings and woodland edges.

Life cycle:
The moths fly mostly in a single generation in June/July. At low altitudes there is regularly a second generation with moths from mid-May to early July and again in August and September. The caterpillars overwinter and can be tapped in the autumn (September/October) in Vicia stocks. In the spring, however, they live close to the ground and hide at least during the day in the litter.

Endangerment factors:
Lygephila pastinum loses massive habitats due to the decline in more nutrient-poor edges, but is overall still the most widespread species of the genus.

The distribution extends from Northern Spain through Central Europe and temperate Asia to Japan.

Lygephila craccae 
German version / deutsche Version