Cucullia verbasci (Linnaeus, 1758)


Cucullia verbasci: Adult (e.l. rearing, Provence, Rians, Les Puits de Rians, Bois de la Gardiole, larva in late May 2015 [S] Cucullia verbasci: Adult (e.l. rearing, Provence, Rians, Les Puits de Rians, Bois de la Gardiole, larva in late May 2015 [S] Cucullia verbasci: Adult (e.l. rearing, Provence, Rians, Les Puits de Rians, Bois de la Gardiole, larva in late May 2015 [S] Cucullia verbasci: Adult (e.l. rearing, Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, larva in early August 2015) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Adult (e.l. rearing, Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, larva in early August 2015) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Adult (e.l. rearing, Greece, Samos Island, larva in May 2017) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Adult (e.l. rearing, Greece, Samos Island, larva in May 2017) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Adult [S] Cucullia verbasci: Adult [S] Cucullia verbasci: Adult (e.l. Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Young larva (Cyprus, Agios Therapon, April 2017) [M] Cucullia verbasci: Young larva (Cyprus, Agios Therapon, April 2017) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Young larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia verbasci: Young larva on Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Half-grown larva on Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Half-grown larva on Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Half-grown larva on Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Half-grown larva on Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larva on Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larva on Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larva on Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larva (France, Provence, Rians, Les Puits de Rians, Bois de la Gardiole, late May 2015 [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larva (France, Provence, Rians, Les Puits de Rians, Bois de la Gardiole, late May 2015) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larva (France, Provence, Rians, Les Puits de Rians, Bois de la Gardiole, late May 2015) [M] Cucullia verbasci: Larva (France, Provence, Rians, Les Puits de Rians, Bois de la Gardiole, late May 2015) [M] Cucullia verbasci: Larva, light form (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia verbasci: Larva, light form (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia verbasci: Larva, light form (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia verbasci: Larva, very weakly sketchede form (Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [M] Cucullia verbasci: Larva on Scrophulariua in the habitat of Cucullia barthae (Cyprus, April 2017) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Larva on Scrophulariua in the habitat of Cucullia barthae (Cyprus, April 2017) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Larva on Scrophulariua in the habitat of Cucullia barthae (Cyprus, April 2017) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Larva (Memmingen, June 2011) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larva (Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [M] Cucullia verbasci: Larva (N-Greece) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Pupa (e.l. rearing, Greece, Samos Island, larva in May 2017) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Pupa (e.l. rearing, Greece, Samos Island, larva in May 2017) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Pupa (e.l. rearing, Greece, Samos Island, larva in May 2017) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Pupa (e.l. rearing, Greece, Samos Island, larva in May 2017) [S] Cucullia verbasci: Feeding pattern at Verbascum thapsus (S-Germany, Swabian Alb) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larval habitat (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larvae on Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larval habitat with Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larval habitat with Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N] Cucullia verbasci: Larval habitat with Scrophularia umbrosa (S-Germany, eastern Swabian Alb, June 2010) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae mostly feed on Verbascum species, but also on Buddleia and Scrophularia.

Habitat:
Cucullia verbasci inhabits open land, forest edges, nutrient-poor grasslands, gravel pits, dams, ruderal areas and other locations of the larval host plants. The moth also penetrates in gardens with Buddleia davidii (larval records near Memmingen/Germany).

Life cycle:
The moths, which are partly developed in the pupa already in the autumn, emerge between April and June in Central Europe, in the South already from late February. The caterpillar lives from late May to July, in the South (e.g. Cyprus) from March or April.

Endangerment factors:
Cucullia verbasci is still relatively widespread and despite of significant declines not seriously threatened.

Remarks:
The distribution ranges from Northwest Africa across Europe to Central Asia.



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